Do you know, Florida has an abundant number of shark species along its coastline. You can almost be sure when deep sea fishing near Orlando during the summer months the chances are pretty high that you will hook into a shark. It’s indeed a cool thing to be able to say you caught a shark. Although it may not be as prestigious as landing a blackfin tuna or a two hundred pound tarpon, it’s still something to brag about to your friends!
The different species along our coast include the Blacktip Shark, Bonnethead Shark, Bull Shark, Great Hammerhead Shark, Lemon Shark, Nurse Shark, and Tiger Shark. Each shark is unique in its habits, territory and feeding activities.
Coastal Sharks generally live on the continental shelf along Florida’s coastlines. Central Florida’s east coast has a broad shelf extending out as far as 32 miles offshore from Port Canaveral where the depths of over 300 feet generally mark the boundaries of coastal sharks in the scope of this article.
A popular event acknowledged each year around the last week of July, the first week of August is Shark Week. Discovery Channel does a full coverage each year of Shark Week.
Florida Coastal and Pelagic Sharks
Most of these sharks can also be found fishing nearshore along the beaches and inshore or possibly in the freshwater tributaries that trickle into the Indian River Lagoon and the Intracoastal Waterway. Both Inlets on the Space Coast can be home to a vast host of coastal sharks all species of these sharks that are unique to Florida.
Unlike most bony fish, shark’s eggs are fertilized inside the female’s body. The male shark has “claspers,” extensions of the pelvic fins that are used to transfer sperm to the female and fertilize her eggs. Most sharks give birth to live young, but some release eggs that hatch later.
Harvestable Sharks fall into the following two groups of species: Group One: Atlantic Sharpnose, Blacknose, Blacktip, Bonnethead, Finetooth, All species of dogfish and smoothhounds within the Genus MustelusGroup Two: Bull, Nurse, Spinner, Blue, Oceanic whitetip, Porbeagle, Shortfin mako, Thresher. More Shark Information
Non- Harvestable Sharks fall into the following:Group Three: Atlantic angel, Basking, Bigeye sand tiger, Bigeye sixgill, Bigeye thresher, Bignose, Caribbean reef, Dusky, Galapagos, Great hammerhead, Lemon shark, Longfin mako, Narrowtooth, Night, Sandbar, Sand tiger, Scalloped hammerhead, Sevengill, Silky, Sixgill shark, Smalltail, Smooth hammerhead, Tiger shark, Whale, White